Types of Sewer Utilities
In each and every area, water, and sewer utilities are a major requirement for all commercial, residential and industrial purposes. Water utilities majorly provide potable water to use in industrial, commercial and residential areas for cleaning, washing, drinking, cooking and supporting other needs that need water. Once potable water has been used, wastewater is generated which needs to be removed from all the premises by use of the sewer utilities into a commonplace. Both the pipes for water and sewer utilities run together in most regions although some sewer utilities run underground. Water pipes are required to be above the sewer pipe to prevent chances of contamination in situations where there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Waste water which is known as sewage is usually transported in sewer utilities to a place where it is either treated or disposed. All waste water from all premises in an area is carried in those sewer utilities as long as it is connected. Sewer utilities can also accommodate storm water mainly in urban areas where the land is cemented hence hard for the water to infiltrate. Some areas also put in place two separate sewers to carry both the sewage and the stormwater. This is because it is easier to manage sewage water and storm water separately as they contain different types and quantities of waste. Waste water one treated in a treatment plant to remove all pollutants is releases into the environment where it can be used in many ways. Sewer and water utility services are run by one company hence user pay for both services as one to the company. The money collected ensures that the sewer utilities are maintained at all times.
There are also areas that are not connected to the municipal sewer utilities hence they go for septic tanks which are also sewer utilities. There are various material used in making the septic tanks which include concrete, plastic or fiberglass to collect wastewater. Septic tanks are mainly used in residential areas since the wastewater generated is not a lot. Also, septic tanks can be able to treat the wastewater by the use of microorganism present inside. Observing some key measures ensure that a septic tank functions properly. These measure ensure that microorganism are no damaged and also the septic tanks such as preventing release of excessive oils and harmful chemicals. In all areas, septic tank are required to be placed underground in such a way that they do not leak or release odors. In many areas, the law requires that the septic tanks be place at least 5 feet from the house.